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2018年全国硕士研究生考试英语(二)真题及参考答案(Word版可下载)

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时间:2018-10-24 阅读量:


  2018年全国硕士研究生考试已经结束,中国人民大学天天发红包的qq群号码课程研修班老师整理了2018年考研英语(二)的真题和参考答案,希望给广大考生一些帮助。

  Section I Use of English

  Directions:

  Read the following text。 Choose the best word (s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET。 (10 points)

Why do people read negative Internet comments and do other things that will obviously be painful? Because humans have an inherent need to?1?uncertainty, according to a recent study in Psychological Science。 The new research reveals that the need to know is so strong that people will?2?to satisfy their curiosity even when it is clear the answer will?3?。 In a series of four experiments, behavioral scientists at the University of Chicago and the Wisconsin School of Business tested。 Student’s willingness to?4?themselves to unpleasant stimuli in an effort to satisfy curiosity。 For one5?each participant was shown a pile of pens that the researcher claimed were from a previous experiment。 The twist? Half of the pens would?6?an electric shock when clicked。 Twenty-seven students were told which pens were electrified, another twenty-seven were told only that some were electrified?7?left alone in the room, the students who did not know which ones would shock them clicked more pens and incurred more shocks than the students who knew what would?8?subsequent experiments reproduced, this effect with other stimuli?9?the sound of finger nails on a chalkboard and photographs of disgusting insects。

  The drive to_10_is deeply rooted in humans。 Much the same as the basic drives for_11_or shelter, says Christopher Hsee of the University of Chicago Curiosity is often considered a good instinct-it can_12_New Scientific advances, for instance-but sometimes such_13_can backfire, the insight that curiosity can drive you to do_14_things is a profound one。

  Unhealthy curiosity is possible to15, however, in a final experiment, participants who were encouraged to16how they would feel after viewing an unpleasant picture were less likely to17to see such an image。 These results suggest that imagining the18of following through on one’s curiosity ahead of time can help determine19it is worth the endeavor。 ” Thinking about long-term20is key to reducing the possible negative effects of curiosity。 Hsee says “in other words, don’t read online comments”。

  1.[A]Protect [B] resolve [C] discuss [D] ignore

  2.[A]refuse [B] wait [C] regret [D] seek

  3.[A]hurt [B] last [C]mislead [D] rise

4.[A]alert [B] tie [C] treat [D] expose 5.[A]message [B] review [C] trial [D] concept

  6.[A] remove [B] weaken [C] interrupt [D] deliver

  7.[A]when [B] if [C] though [D] unless

  8.[A] continue [B] happen [C] disappear [D] change

  9.[A] rather than [B] regardless of [C] such as [D] owing to

  10.[A] discover [B] forgive [C] forget [D] disagree

  11.[A] pay [B] marriage [C] schooling [D] food

  12.[A] lead to [B]rest on [C] learn from [D] begin with

  13.[A] withdrawal [B] persistence [C] inquiry [D] diligence

14.[A] self-reliant [B] self-destructive [C] self-evident [D] self-deceptive 15.[A] define [B] resist [C]replace [D] trace

  16.[A] overlook [B] predict [C] design [D] conceal

  17.[A] remember [B] promise [C] choose [D] pretend

  18.[A] relief [B] plan [C] duty [D] outcome

  19.[A] why [B] whether [C] where [D] how

20.[A] consequences [B] investments [C] strategies [D] limitations

  Section II Reading Comprehension

  Part A

  Directions:

  Read the following four texts。 Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C or D。 Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET。 (40 points)

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